All women are different and have different menstrual cycles. It is considered normal when its duration varies from 21 to 35 days with a stable time interval between menstruations, which lasts 3-7 days. The average blood loss is 40-60 ml, and it should not contain large clots.
The most common disorders include:
- deviations in the duration of a cycle of any kind;
- changes in the duration of bleeding and their amount;
- irregular cycle;
- absence of ovulation.
The main mistake of modern women is postponing the visit to the doctor because they don’t plan to get pregnant at this particular stage of life or think the violation to be insignificant. It is considered to be normal when the cycle is not stable in teenage years, when it only stabilizes, and also during the menopause. Temporary fluctuations may be caused by some external factors, but there is also a possibility of developing a pathological process that may cause infertility and other health problems.
There are at least 6 reasons for immediate medical consultation:
- Change in the cycle duration (less than 21 or more than 35 days).
- Atypical amount of blood loss (too abundant or poor allocation, presence of clots in them).
- Change in the duration of menstruation (less than 3 and more than 7 days, including non-stop bleeding).
- Amenorrhea for 6 months or more.
- Painfulness of menstruation.
- Bloody discharge in other phases.
Here are some of the reasons of menstrual cycle disorder:
- Chronic infectious diseases of reproductive organs.
- Surgical interventions, including abortions, which may result in mechanical damage of the uterus
- Ovarian pathology (for example, polycystosis).
- Hormonal disorders of non-gynecological nature.
- Oncological pathologies.
Regardless of whether the menstrual cycle causes severe discomfort and is a reason for concern, it is not recommended to postpone the visit to the doctor. It is easier to solve a problem as it appears, otherwise, it can provoke other dysfunctions in the work of the reproductive system.
This article is solely for informational purposes. Do not self-diagnose or self-medicate, and in all cases consult a certified healthcare professional before using any information presented in the article. The editorial board does not guarantee any results and does not bear any responsibility for harm that may result from using the information provided in the article.