A person may faint (lose consciousness for a short time due to a temporary disturbance of cerebral blood flow). In this state, a person doesn’t respond to sounds or shaking, and seems to be in a state of sleep. This condition may last several seconds or longer.
Causes of loss of consciousness
Loss of consciousness can be caused by a blow to the head during a fall, as mentioned above, or in an accident. There are also other reasons:
- a sudden drop in blood sugar;
- low blood pressure;
- heart problems;
- a seizure, stroke, or transient ischemic attack;
- alcohol poisoning;
- drug overdose;
- traffic accident;
- significant blood loss.
You need to know the signs that precede loss of consciousness in order to react properly and timely. These include sudden problems with speech, inability to respond, a rapid heartbeat, and dizziness.
If you are close to a person who has lost consciousness, then you can help in the first vital minutes, until the person regains consciousness. What do you need to do?
1. Check for breathing and pulse.
2. If there is breathing and pulse, but no vomiting, gently lay the person on the floor on their back and raise the legs above the heart level. However, if you suspect a stroke, feet must not be raised!
3. If there is vomiting, turn the person’s head to the side.
4. Sprinkle or wash the person’s face with cold water.
5. Make sure the person gets enough oxygen — loosen the person’s belt, collar, or any kind of tight clothing. Open the window, and make the crowd step back.
When the person regains consciousness, slowly sit him or her up and make some warm tea. Don’t forget to ask if the person takes it with or without sugar. Don’t rush to get the person on their feet.
If the person doesn’t open their eyes in a few minutes, and you are positive he or she was breathing and had a pulse earlier, then call an ambulance urgently.
We hope that your close ones are all healthy and no one undergoes loss of consciousness. But now you know what to do if such a situation should occur!
This article is solely for informational purposes. Do not self-diagnose or self-medicate, and in all cases consult a certified healthcare professional before using any information presented in the article. The editorial board does not guarantee any results and does not bear any responsibility for any harm that may result from using the information provided in the article.