9 Dangerous Symptoms Of Thrombosis That Shouldn't Be Ignored

February 27, 2018 12:26

Thrombi are blood clots that form in the lumen of blood vessels in response to vascular wall damage. Thrombi take part in the process of hemostasis (prevent the occurrence of severe bleeding if you have, for example, cut yourself).

Many people have blood clots in their bodies, however, they usually instantly resolve themselves and do not cause any symptoms due to the operative functioning of the coagulation and anti-coagulation systems of blood. If a thrombus occurs, it can cause the clogging of a vessel.

We have selected 9 of the main manifestations of thrombosis of various organs and systems that require immediate medical help.

Deep venous thrombosis (DVT)

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Deep venous thrombosis is a dangerous condition that develops when a thrombus forms in the system of deep veins of the lower extremities. This pathology has a few characteristic manifestations.

1. Pain in the leg

Pain in the affected lower extremity is the main symptom of deep venous thrombosis. In some cases, it can be the only manifestation of the disease. Furthermore, there is often a sharp, severe pain in the area of the gastrocnemius muscle without any other symptoms. It's necessary to conduct a differential diagnostic procedure of this symptom with muscular cramps.

2. Limb swelling

If you have noticed that one of your ankles has suddenly swollen, you should be careful, as it can be an early symptom of deep venous thrombosis. In this case, you should immediately get medical help, as the thrombus can come off and clog the vessels of vital organs at any moment.

3. The appearance of red stripes on the skin

If a thrombus has developed in the system deep veins in the lower extremities, the affected area of the skin can acquire a reddish or bluish color. In some cases, the skin becomes pale. Also, local temperature increases ( the skin becomes warm to the touch).

Pulmonary artery thromboembolia (PATE)

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PATE is the most common complication of deep vein thrombosis which often leads to death. It is accompanied by some characteristic symptoms.

4. Tachycardia

Heart rate acceleration is caused by the lack of air which develops in cases of pulmonary artery thromboembolia. In this situation, the heart tries to compensate for the deficiency by increasing the speed of contractions.

5. Pain in the chest

A sharp stabbing pain in the chest is the most common manifestation of pulmonary artery thromboembolia. This symptom can seem like you are having a heart attack. The main differentiating characteristic feature of these diseases is that, in case of PATE, the intensity of the pain increases when breathing.

6. Lack of air

Severe shortness of breath and an increase in the frequency of respiratory movements - up to 30-40 per minute - are characteristic signs of pulmonary artery thromboembolia. Also, there might be pallor of the skin cover.

7. Blood expectoration

This symptom occurs in about a quarter of PATE patients. Often, sputum discharge with an admixture of blood occurs at the stage of pulmonary infarction.

Thrombosis of mesenteric vessels

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The mesenteric vessels supply blood to various parts of the intestine. In case of their thrombosis, there are symptoms in the gastrointestinal tract.

8. Pain in the abdomen

The main sign of mesenteric vessels thrombosis is a severe pain in the abdomen caused by ischemia (blood supply disorder) of a certain area of the intestine.

9. Vomiting

Nausea and vomiting are characteristic manifestations of mesenteric thrombosis. However, vomiting doesn't alleviate the situation. In some cases, there may also be blood in the stool.

Thrombosis is an extremely dangerous condition that may lead to serious complications and even death. Go to your doctor right away if you think you have any of the symptoms described above.

This article is solely for informational purposes. Do not treat yourself, and in all cases consult a certified healthcare professional before using any information presented in the article. The editorial board does not guarantee any results and does not bear any responsibility for harm that may result from using the information provided in the article.