Knee Pain: 8 Common Causes, How To Relieve It At Home, And When To See A Doctor

January 17, 2018

Knee pain is one of the common kinds of pain and can develop due do many different causes. It can vary in nature and severity and negatively affect the quality of your life, especially if it’s chronic. There are some measures you can take to relieve the pain at home, but there are cases when it needs to be treated by a specialist. You should also know when knee pain is an emergency.

Common causes of knee pain

A lot of things can cause knee pain. Some of them include:

  • overuse injury;
  • fracture of the kneecap, shinbone, or thighbone;
  • bursitis;
  • dislocated kneecap;
  • osteoarthritis (most commonly seen in older people);
  • rheumatoid arthritis (an autoimmune disease in which joints, especially large ones, become inflamed);
  • gout, in which uric acid crystals accumulate in the joint;
  • hip or foot pain than changes the way you walk and puts extra stress on the knee.

When to see a doctor if you have knee pain

See your doctor if your knee pain affects your ability to walk and doesn’t improve in a few days with rest and self-care measures. Get medical attention as soon as possible if:

  • the pain is severe;
  • the knee is badly swollen and/or looks deformed;
  • your knee is red and hot to the touch, and you also have high temperature.

What measures can I take to relieve knee pain at home?

There are some steps you can take to ease your knee pain at home.

Try the following:

  • Give your knee some rest. Refrain from intense physical activity until your knee pain improves. You should especially avoid lifting heavy objects.
  • Apply ice. A cold compress can provide some relief for your knees. Apply an ice pack or a bag of frozen peas wrapped in a towel to your knee, but don’t hold it for longer than 20 minutes.
  • Use a compression bandage. The bandage should be tight enough to support the knee, but not too tight – to allow normal blood flow.
  • Elevate the injured knee. Put some pillows under the injured leg when resting to alleviate swelling.
  • Wear comfortable shoes. Avoid wearing heels until your knee recovers; wear comfortable, cushioned shoes instead.

Source: Mayo Clinic, NHS UK, HealthLine, MedicineNet, Arthritis Foundation

READ ALSO: 9 Early Symptoms And Signs Of Rheumatoid Arthritis

This article is purely for informational purposes. Do not self-medicate, and in all cases consult a certified healthcare professional before using any information presented in the article. The editorial board does not guarantee any results and does not bear any responsibility for harm that may result from using the information stated in the article.