Vision is most definitely a type of sense we rely on the most. The world without it seems incomplete and empty. We can only imagine what it feels like to be blind and live in today’s society, where people can barely leave their smartphones or laptops for half an hour. And even then, what would they do? Almost everything we do daily requires at the very least having an ability to see. Therefore, it is very important to keep your eyes healthy. Today’s topic is about one of the most dangerous eye diseases – retinal vascular occlusion.
To make things clear, the retina is the light-sensitive layer in the back of your eye. It is covered with cells called rods and cones, which are transmitting light to your brain in the form of neural signals. Like every other organ, your eyes require a constant blood supply. Otherwise, irreversible damage may occur, which can lead to a complete vision loss. This can happen due to the main vein or artery blockage because of a blood clot.
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What are the symptoms?
If you experience any of the symptoms below – visit a doctor as soon as possible. Early treatment is key for dealing with any issues caused by blood clots!
1. Pain in the eye
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Sure, such serious issue will be indicated by a pain: severe, sharp, throbbing, etc. Also, you might feel like a foreign object is in the back of your eye. Moreover, the condition often causes light sensitivity, because any bright light makes your eye muscle contract, which worsens the pain.
2. Blurred vision
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Although most people usually link this sign with things like stress and tiredness, constant blurred vision in one eye can signal the damaged blood vessel due to a blood clot. The retina cannot transmit the information to the brain due to the disrupted communication because of the blockage.
3. Watery eyes
Unfortunately, the disrupted communication between your eyes and the brain can result in many different symptoms. One of them is watery eyes. The lacrimal gland can respond inappropriately because of a wrong signal and start producing tears.
4. Sudden loss of vision
Depending on the size of a blood clot, complete vision loss can occur. The process usually begins with blurred sight. The complete loss happens due to total lack of blood supply.
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5. Swelling of the eyelid
A blood clot can result in the swelling of one or both eyes. In most cases, it is accompanied by itching and pain. The swelling can also occur around your eye.
6. Eye redness
Typically, the change in the sclera (white portion of the eye) color can occur because of the sudden increased pressure caused by a blood clot in an important blood vessel.
7. Double vision
Diplopia, or double vision, is a condition where a person sees two images of one same object. If not treated timely, this issue can become permanent.
What are the risk factors?
Our eyes are prone to injuries and have to be protected.
Although the exact cause of retinal vascular occlusion is unknown, there are many factors that can increase the risk, including:
- blood clots;
- narrowing of the neck arteries;
- heart disease;
- high cholesterol;
- high blood pressure;
Doctors’ advice is to lead a healthy lifestyle: exercising regularly, maintaining a healthy weight, quitting smoking, maintaining a healthy diet (foods low in saturated fat), and undergoing routine medical checkups. Take care and stay healthy!
This article is solely for informational purposes. Do not self-diagnose or self-medicate, and in all cases consult a certified healthcare professional before using any information presented in the article. The editorial board does not guarantee any results and does not bear any responsibility for any harm that may result from using the information provided in the article.