There are lots of dental diseases, and each one of them has its own symptoms. Typically, the greater discomfort a patient feels, the more dangerous the issue is, which requires medical attention. Both teeth and tissues surrounding them can give cause for concern.
Issues with the gums
In case you experience issues with your gums, putting off the visit to your dentist is never a good option. The diseases like herpes or aphthous stomatitis can harm your gums, but they do not necessarily require a dentist’s help. Herpes often causes the occurrence of painful blisters and subsequent erosion on the lips and in the mouth. Stomatitis causes the appearance of small wounds (aphthae) that usually heal in 7-14 days.
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However, if you experience symptoms like swollen, inflamed, or itchy gums, bleeding during brushing your teeth, or change of color of your gums (usually reddening), you should visit your dentist as soon as possible, as those are the true signs of gingivitis. Gingivitis is a serious gum infection that can lead to the loss of healthy teeth if treated untimely.
Issues with the teeth
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It is always a good choice to go to the doctor if you experience any issues with your teeth. Remember, the smaller and simpler the problem, the easier it is for your dentist to fix it. Unfortunately, the processes in the teeth do not stop. Therefore, timely treatment is a key to prevent any complications. Depending on the severity of the inflammation processes in the tooth, there are three main stages – tooth decay (tooth caries or cavities), pulpitis, and periodontitis.
- Tooth decay is characterized by damage to the tooth tissues within the enamel and dentin, which is a yellowish calcified tissue located below the enamel.
- Pulpitis also captures the pulp chamber and pulp canals that are located deeper into the tooth.
- Periodontitis is an inflammatory process in the bone that supports your tooth. Typically, it appears when pulpitis is not treated in time and often leads to the tooth loss.
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A few more signs can signalize the necessity of visiting your dentist, including strong bad breath, dry mouth, and tooth spots of different color (typically brown or black). The best way of dealing with dental diseases is prevention. It is recommended to visit your dentist for a regular check-up twice a year.
The article is based on materials provided by Nikita Golubenko, dental therapist and pediatric dentist.
This article is solely for informational purposes. Do not self-diagnose or self-medicate, and in all cases consult a certified healthcare professional before using any information presented in the article. The editorial board does not guarantee any results and does not bear any responsibility for any harm that may result from using the information provided in the article.