WELLNESS & FITNESS

What Is Sarcoma And How To Recognize The Signs Of Tumors That Affect Connective Tissue

Date August 23, 2019 20:33

Every type of cancer is life-threatening and the most dangerous ones are the rarest. Sarcoma grows in connective tissue. Sarcoma is especially dangerous because it can be easily mistaken for other conditions. Let’s take a closer look at the specific symptoms of sarcoma.

What Is Sarcoma And How To Recognize The Signs Of Tumors That Affect Connective Tissue©Fabiosa

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What is sarcoma?

Sarcoma is a type of cancer that begins in connective tissues. Sarcoma can occur in soft tissues that include fat, muscle, fibrous and synovial tissue, blood and lymph vessels, peripheral nerves. Typically, sarcoma occurs in the arms, the legs, and the abdomen. Surgery can help remove a tumor. However, chemo and radiation might be the other options depending on the location and size of the tumor.

What Is Sarcoma And How To Recognize The Signs Of Tumors That Affect Connective Tissue©Fabiosa

Bone sarcomas are the second large group of this type of cancer, and the most common type is osteosarcoma. Bome sarcoma can occur in children due to the growth of bones. In the United States, under 3,000 cases of bone sarcoma are diagnosed every year.

What are the risk factors?

Doctors do not know what causes sarcoma. However, there are several factors that can increase the risk of having this type of cancer. They include the following:

  1. Heredity.
  2. Paget’s disease. The condition affects bones in a way that they become fragile or even misshapen.
  3. Genetic disorders like neurofibromatosis, retinoblastoma, Gardner syndrome, or Li-Fraumeni syndrome.
  4. Exposure to radiation.

What Is Sarcoma And How To Recognize The Signs Of Tumors That Affect Connective Tissue©Fabiosa

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The only type of sarcoma that has a clearly defined cause is Kaposi’s sarcoma. It is caused by human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8). Most people are infected with at least one type of herpes virus, and an average person’s immune system can easily keep it under control.

Warning signs and symptoms

Unfortunately, symptoms and signs of sarcoma usually are not obvious. That's why it can be difficult to diagnose it in time to start treatment. Main red flags include the following:

  • a noticeable and painful lump or swelling;
  • pain (tumor can lead to pressure on nerves or muscles);
  • a limp, if the tumor is in the leg.

It is important to consult with the doctor as soon as you have noticed one of the symptoms. Sarcomas have the survival rate between 56% and 90% depending on the stage of cancer, and if it didn’t metastasize (spread to other parts of the body). Sarcomas can be extremely aggressive, meaning they grow very fast and are likely to spread.

What Is Sarcoma And How To Recognize The Signs Of Tumors That Affect Connective Tissue©Fabiosa

You should undergo regular medical check-ups to monitor your health condition. Take care and stay healthy!

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This article is solely for informational purposes. Do not self-diagnose or self-medicate, and in all cases consult a certified healthcare professional before using any information presented in the article. The editorial board does not guarantee any results and does not bear any responsibility for any harm that may result from using the information provided in the article.