Halitosis: Its Cases And Ways To Get Rid Of This Condition
Bad breath (also known as halitosis) is a common problem that affects about 70% of the world's population. Unfortunately, systematic hygiene of teeth and gums do not always help. Besides, not all people notice that others try to stay away from them because of the bad odor in their mouths.
Indeed, a person may not even suspect that they have a smelly mouth, because they sometimes don't feel the bad odor themselves, while the surrounding people feel embarrassed about talking about it. As a result, halitosis can ruin your relationships at your workplace and lead to problems in your personal life.
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Diagnosing the problem
Since our assessment of our own health is subjective and does not reflect the actual situation, it is usually impossible to independently determine the availability of problems.
However, there are a few tests you can take to get an understanding of the overall state of your mouth.
- The availability of plaque most likely indicates to halitosis. Try brushing it without toothpaste and sniff it.
- Cover your mouth and nose with your hands, exhale the air from your mouth into your palm, and inhale it through your nose.
- Use a floss or toothpick to clean the spaces between your teeth, and evaluate the odor after 45-60 seconds.
- Slide your tongue over the inner surface of your forearm and smell this area of your skin after 15 seconds.
- Make a slow exhalation in a glass on an empty stomach, and then feel the smell.
- Pay attention to the smell coming from the handset.
- If you use a removable denture, place it in a plastic bag, leave it for a few minutes, and feel the smell.
It should be noted that sometimes bad breath can be imaginary (psychogenic halitosis). According to doctors, the best preliminary diagnosis is a trusting relationship in the family, in which family members and friends are not ashamed to tell you about your problem.
In modern medicine, there exist effective objective methods for diagnosing halitosis. The intensity of bad breath is estimated by a special device called a halimeter.
You can consult a therapist to conduct a microbiological study and identify the bacteria that can cause halitosis.
What causes bad breath?
A variety of circumstances, habits and diseases may lead to halitosis. The main role in the formation of an unpleasant smell of doctors is attributed to the presence of carious dental cavities and plaque in the tongue. Another cause of halitosis are inflammatory processes in the nose and tonsils. Problems with the stomach and other internal organs can also result in bad breath.
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All the causes of halitosis are conditionally divided into several groups. Below are the most common ones.
1. "Morning breath." Saliva production slows down when you are sleeping. This significantly reduces the self-cleaning process of the oral cavity. An unpleasant odor is usually noted immediately after waking up and disappears in about 30 minutes. "Morning breathing" is considered quite normal and does not indicate to any disease.
2. Age. As people get older, the production of saliva gradually decreases. This is why the elderly people have bad breath more often. Babies, whose saliva production is active, generally have a pure breath!
1. Hygiene violation of the oral cavity. Bad breath is almost always caused by anaerobic bacteria. Diseases of the oral cavity, as well as the nasopharynx, esophagus and stomach create favorable conditions for anaerobic bacteria.
2. Ailment factor. The smell from certain types of food can last up to 24 hours (e.g., onions, garlic, spicy seasonings, meat delicacies, some cheeses, sprats, anchovies, and herring).
3. Starvation. This odor resembles the aroma that patients with diabetes mellitus have. In the early days of starvation, the odor of acetone may not appear. However, it will definitely appear in a few days.
4. Tobacco, alcohol, coffee. Cigarettes, alcoholic drinks, and coffee, leave a strong coating on the teeth. Bacteria quickly penetrate into the digestive system, and result in bad breath with each exhalation.
5. A number of medical preparations. They include valocordin, clodiamine, and validol.
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Bad breath indicated to a number of diseases:
1. Dental diseases (gingivitis, candidiasis, periodontitis, sialadenitis, etc.).
2. ENT pathologies and diseases (sinusitis, sinusitis, sinusitis, otitis, chronic tonsillitis, adenoid vegetation, rhinitis, pneumonia, bronchitis, etc.). In pulmonary diseases, the odor is usually amplified when exhaling and coughing.
3. Diseases of the digestive system (gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), chronic gastritis, stomach and duodenal ulcer, dysbacteriosis, enteritis, colitis, constipation of various origin, etc.).
4. Endocrinopathies, including diabetes mellitus.
5. Kidney diseases.
6. Xerostomia (the "dry mouth" syndrome).
1. Stress and nervous tension disrupt salivation, which contributes to the dryness of the oral cavity.
2. An increase in the level of estrogens at the beginning of the menstrual cycle leads to an increase in the sloughing of the oral cavity epithelium, which serves as a nutrient medium for anaerobic microbes.
3. Taking medications that cause dryness in the mouth (tranquilizers, hypotensive, antihistamines, etc.).
Psychiatrists gave this term to patient's false sensation of bad breath. As a rule, there is a rather pronounced depressive reaction in the sources of the alleged odor.
Identifying the disease
It is often possible to identify the disease that has caused halitosis based on the nature of the odor:
- specific smell of hydrogen sulfide - gastritis, peptic ulcer;
- "fish smell" - renal insufficiency;
- bitter smell - problems with the gallbladder;
- sourish smell - pancreatitis;
- "mouse smell" - liver disease;
- horrible putrefaction smell - intestinal obstruction, some types of dysbiosis;
- acetone smell - diabetes mellitus and some kidney diseases.
People with hepatitis, hepatosis, cholecystitis and cholangitis can also have specific bad breath.
Get rid of the odor
The first thing that is required to do in the fight against halitosis is the sanation of the oral cavity. However, if all your teeth are cured and the odor does not disappear, here is what else you need to do.
1. Cleaning the tongue
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If you are fighting against bad breath, one of the first things you need to do is carefully cleaning your tongue, especially its farther part. You can use an ordinary toothbrush to clean your tongue every day.
In addition, a dentist may prescribe antiseptic solutions and gels with an antibacterial component.
2. Visiting an ENT doctor
The specialist will examine your nasal cavity and conduct a tomography scan of the sinuses of your nose. After finding out the cause of the inflammation, you will need treatment, and even an operation.
3. Visiting a gastroenterologist
Halitosis is sometimes the only manifestation of reflux disease. Therefore, you should visit gastroenterologist.
4. Rinse your mouth with herbal infusions
You can fight bad breath using infusions of fresh dill, strawberries, leaves of sour, mint, chamomile, bitter wormwood, St. John's wort and oak bark.
5. Adjusting your diet
Eat more fiber. Excess of fast carbohydrates increases the amount of plaque on your teeth, which leads to caries. Fresh greens, vegetables and fruits normalize the work of the intestines and significantly reduce the bad breath.
6. Consuming more fluid
If your body lacks liquid, it will try to keep water, which results in a decrease in saliva formation.
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Depending on the causes of halitosis, you will need some time to completely get rid of this problem. Bad breath caused by systemic diseases will disappear only when the underlying disease is cured. But if bad breath is caused by insufficient hygiene, the first positive results will appear after 5-7 days of regular cleaning of teeth and gums.
Now I am going to brush my tongue every morning! I recommend that you do the same!
This article is purely for informational purposes. Do not self-medicate, and in all cases consult a certified healthcare professional before using any information presented in the article. The editorial board does not guarantee any results and does not bear any responsibility for harm that may result from using the information stated in the article.