What The Use Of Removing Wisdom Teeth Is And In What Cases It’s Impossible To Do Without It

Date April 24, 2018 10:59

For many of us, a visit to the dentist's is a real-life test. Our fears coming from childhood to adulthood are exacerbated when it comes to wisdom teeth. Most of the "eights" are associated with pain, discomfort, and a problems source. In some cases, wisdom teeth are really better to get rid of, rather than treat. But before choosing a method for solving the problem, it is not superfluous to weigh the pros and cons and to understand what these "inconvenient" teeth are.

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Today, we will tell you what problems the wisdom teeth can bring you, and also in what cases we can not do without their removal.

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Evolution results

Wisdom teeth today can be called a kind of atavism because we inherited them from our distant ancestors, and modern people can do without them completely. In 25% of the population, they do not erupt at all, not causing any discomfort.

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In the past, the need for a third pair of molars was undeniable - they were gnawing and chopping of the hardest food. For many centuries, we eat differently than our primitive ancestors. Processing and cooking made our diet much softer, saving us from having to make great efforts to grind it. As a result, wisdom teeth eventually lost their original purpose and became weak and vulnerable.

What problems can wisdom teeth bring us?

Let's start with the eruption. As it is known, molars do not have any precursors, namely, milk teeth. Therefore, the eruption process is always more painful and difficult. In addition, due to the inaccessibility of this element of the dentition and, as a result, poor hygiene in the area of growth of this tooth, there is a high chance of an infection that can lead to inflammation and other complications. Due to the evolutionarily developed small size of the jaw, a modern person can develop a dystopia - an anomaly that is an improper arrangement of the third molar, which interferes with the eruption of other teeth.

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Not erupted wisdom teeth can be compared with a sort of a time bomb. It is difficult to foresee when the trigger will work and what the consequences of the "explosion" will be. But even without problems, a third molar which has been cut through can bring a lot of troubles over time.

Initially, wisdom teeth are the most inaccessible, which makes them extremely problematic to clean. In addition, between them and neighboring molars, there is a gap in which an infection can develop.

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In what cases is it impossible to do without removal?

  1. Injury of the tooth (indenting or driving a tooth into the deep tissues of the jaw, fracture of the root).
  2. Running caries, which provoked almost complete loss of hard tissues of the tooth, in which it is not possible to replace it with a crown or filling material.
  3. Parodontitis is one of the most common and cunning dental diseases. Without timely medical intervention, there is a high probability of forming an abscess in this area and involving bone tissues in the pathological process.
  4. Cracking of the root of the tooth as a result of caries, trauma, or excessive load on the third molar.
  5. Various perforations (holes, cavities) in the root canal of the tooth, which are not amenable to treatment.
  6. Subsequent installation of braces for correction of torsion, bite, and other defects.

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In addition, you should take into account that the treatment of wisdom teeth is hampered by the same inaccessibility, because of which, due to incomplete review, a doctor can not always apply a dental drill. However, even if an experienced dentist copes with the problematic tooth, this will not affect the overall situation around the third molar. The wisdom tooth can provoke problems afterwards, forcing you to resort to a treatment again and again.

How are wisdom teeth removed?

After carrying out a diagnostic examination, including X-rays and computed tomography, surgical intervention presupposes the sequential execution of the following manipulations:

  • effective anesthesia;
  • if necessary - gum incisions, drilling of bone tissue;
  • tooth extraction with the help of special equipment;
  • in the absence of purulent contents - suturing;
  • repeated visit to the dentist after a few days for the purpose of inspection and the stitches removal.

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Should I resort to an implant?

Before making decision to install the implant in place of a removed wisdom tooth, you should take into account that it is extremely difficult to determine the optimal angle of the rod. Even with a slight deviation from the norm, the crown may simply not survive. Think twice whether to spend an impressive amount for a procedure that is accompanied by numerous risks.

Remember, wisdom teeth are a kind of dental atavism, an element of the dentition that does not carry any functional load. Therefore, most dentists advise their patients not to waste money for useless treatment, but simply remove the problematic wisdom teeth.

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This article is solely for informational purposes. Do not self-diagnose or self-medicate, and in all cases consult a certified healthcare professional before using any information presented in the article. The editorial board does not guarantee any results and does not bear any responsibility for harm that may result from using the information provided in the article.