Vaginal Thrush: 8 Most Frequently Asked Questions About Candidiasis Answered

Date July 4, 2018

Vaginal thrush is a fairly common disease. Because of its specific localization (external genitalia), patients don’t always turn for medical care in due time. This is wrong as this disease can lead to severe consequences. We will try to answer the most frequently asked questions about vaginal thrush.

1. What is vaginal thrush?

Kateryna Kon /

This disease is caused by yeast (a type of fungus) named Candida. It is normally present in our body (both on the skin and in some internal organs). However, the infectious process develops only under certain circumstances.

2. Why does it occur?

Vaginal thrush almost never develops on its own. It often requires a provoking factor. One of the main reasons for the development of candidiasis is a decrease in immunity (primary or secondary immunodeficiency diseases, or taking antibacterial or cytostatic drugs). Women who are more likely to develop this condition include pregnant women, as well as women with diabetes or using hormonal contraceptives. Another common cause of candidiasis is persistent stress.

3. What else is it called?

Vaginal yeast infection, vaginal candidiasis, vulvovaginal candidiasis, candida colpitis or candida vaginitis – they are all synonyms for the same disease.

READ ALSO: 9 Tips To Prevent Vaginal Yeast Infections: From Wearing Right Underwear To Eating Yogurt

4. Do men suffer from thrush?

Of course. But among men it occurs much less often due to anatomical features of the structure of the external genitalia. There are several clinical forms of this disease: inflammation of the foreskin (posthitis), inflammation of the glans penis (balanitis), and inflammation of the urethra (urethritis).

5. Is thrush transmitted sexually?

Yes, candidiasis belongs to sexually transmitted diseases. Therefore, when the disease is detected, it is necessary to refrain from sexual intercourse, and undergo treatment with antifungal drugs. In this case, the treatment is mandatory for both the patient and their sexual partner.

5. What are the symptoms?

Phaungphech /

The main symptoms of genital candidiasis include:

  • vaginal itching or soreness;
  • dyspareunia (pain during sexual intercourse);
  • difficulty or pain while urinating;
  • abnormal vaginal discharge.

Contact your healthcare provider immediately if you have any of these symptoms.

6. Is thrush dangerous?

The lack of adequate treatment can lead to development of severe complications: secondary bacterial infection, inflammatory diseases of the urinary system (cystitis, urethritis, nephritis), prostatitis in men, erosion of the cervix in women, and even infertility.

7. How is it diagnosed?

goodluz /

Many genital infections have similar symptoms, therefore it is almost impossible to diagnose based on a clinical examination only. Laboratory diagnosis involves taking a sample of vaginal secretions and examining it under a microscope for the presence of a causative agent of candidiasis.

8. What are the treatment methods?

It is usually treated with antifungal medicine. The antifungal medicine can be taken orally as pills or locally in a form of suppository. If the treatment doesn’t work and candidiasis keeps reoccurring, check your immunological status.

Genital candidiasis is a disease that requires early detection. Timely diagnostics and proper treatment ensure good chances of recovery and prevent complications.

Source: CDC

READ ALSO: Home Remedies For Vaginal Thrush: Are They Really Effective?

This article is solely for informational purposes. Do not self-diagnose or self-medicate, and in all cases consult a certified healthcare professional before using any information presented in the article. The editorial board does not guarantee any results and does not bear any responsibility for any harm that may result from using the information provided in the article.