We’ve all heard enough about the harm of smoking. Hemadostenosis, malignant tumors in the respiratory apparatus, heart attacks, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, fetal development disorders in pregnant women – these are just a few of the consequences of this bad habit. It’s been estimated that diseases, associated with smoking, cause 500,000 deaths a year in the USA alone. However, there are other less obvious and avoidable factors detrimental for our health. Let find out more about them!
1. Sedentary lifestyle
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Low physical activity seriously affects human health. Sedentary behavior is among the top ten causes of disability and death all over the world. Lack of physical activity doubles chances of developing cardiovascular disease, diabetes and obesity, and also increases risk of colon cancer, arterial hypertension, osteoporosis, lipid storage disease, and depressions. According to WHO, between 60 and 85% of the planet's population are physically inactive, which tells how large scale this problem is.
2. Sleep deprivation
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The human body needs 7-8 hours of continuous night sleep for normal functioning. During sleep, such important processes as rest of the organism, memory consolidation (its transition from short-term to long-term), removal of toxic metabolic products from the brain, and restoration of the immune system occur. Regular lack of sleep has an extremely negative impact on human health (muscle pains, memory impairment, headaches, increased blood pressure, increased likelihood of diabetes and obesity, decreased libido).
3. Unhealthy eating
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Unhealthy eating here means a diet with excessive or insufficient content of certain nutrients. In modern times, a large percentage of the population feeds on low-quality foods high in fast carbohydrates and saturated fats. Such food habits are explained by the cheapness and taste properties of these products. Improper nutrition is a direct way to obesity, diabetes, atherosclerosis, and various forms of hypovitaminosis.
4. Alcohol consumption
Today, more than 3 million deaths per year are associated with excessive consumption of alcohol. And the number keeps growing. Alcohol abuse significantly increases the likelihood of developing cirrhosis, cardiovascular disease, stroke, and certain types of cancer. However, this is not the main concern. Most accidents (drowning, falls resulting in death, traffic accidents) are also related to drinking.
5. Sexual promiscuity
The practice of having casual sex frequently with different partners or being indiscriminate in the choice of sexual partners is one of the most avoidable causes of death worldwide. It is estimated that about 3 million deaths per year are associated with sexually transmitted diseases (HIV, syphilis, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, gonorrhea etc.). The deadliest among them is by far the human immunodeficiency virus. In 2016, more than 1 million people died from complications related to the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Frequent change of sexual partners and unprotected sexual intercourse greatly increase the likelihood of contracting sexually transmitted diseases.
Remember that the main factor that affects your health is the way of life!
This article is solely for informational purposes. Do not self-diagnose or self-medicate, and in all cases consult a certified healthcare professional before using any information presented in the article. The editorial board does not guarantee any results and does not bear any responsibility for any harm that may result from using the information provided in the article.