LIFESTYLE & COMMUNITY

“Walking” Pneumonia: How To Recognize This Sneaky Disease In Time

Date March 26, 2019

A drop of the temperature outside is often associated with the season of colds, the flu, and viruses. Sometimes, common symptoms hide more serious conditions, such as “walking” pneumonia that can lead to irreparable consequences and even death.

“Walking” Pneumonia: How To Recognize This Sneaky Disease In Timefile404 / Shutterstock.com

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Atypical pneumonia is often mistaken for a cold or virus. Moreover, without an X-ray image, it may slip an experienced doctor’s attention.

“Walking” Pneumonia: How To Recognize This Sneaky Disease In TimeKateryna Kon / Shutterstock.com

Atypical pneumonia is a bacterial infection of the respiratory tract, which often doesn’t require bed rest or hospitalization.

Its forms are mainly caused by three types of bacteria:

  • Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Chlamydophila pneumoniae, usually spread by airborne transmission;
  • Legionella pneumophila, spread through steam and fog, and is more severe, sometimes causing respiratory failure and leading to the patient’s death.

“Walking” Pneumonia: How To Recognize This Sneaky Disease In TimeDoctor with a x-ray.Billion Photos / Shutterstock.com

The first two types are characterized by the following symptoms:

  • sore throat;
  • inflammation of the trachea and bronchi;
  • headache;
  • labored (intermittent, fast, or hoarse) breathing;
  • slight increase in body temperature;
  • shortness of breath;
  • dry cough;
  • excessive sweating;
  • fatigue, drowsiness, decreased activity (especially in children);
  • racing heart.

“Walking” Pneumonia: How To Recognize This Sneaky Disease In TimeYoung woman outdoors with hard respiration and sneeze having asthmatic reaction.Barabasa / Shutterstock.com

The third type is also accompanied by:

  • discomfort in the digestive tract (pain, vomiting, loss of appetite);
  • muscle pain;
  • chills.

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“Walking” Pneumonia: How To Recognize This Sneaky Disease In TimeProfile of a woman suffering head ache lying on the bed at homeAntonio Guillem / Shutterstock.com

It is not recommended to self-medicate in cases of suspected atypical pneumonia, since in most cases the treatment requires antibiotics, although there are cases when medicinal treatment is not necessary.

You can relieve this condition at home by adhering to these recommendations:

  • do not abuse cough medicine – if necessary, the supervising doctor will prescribe an expectorant;
  • monitor your body temperature;
  • increase your intake of warm fluids and get plenty of rest.

“Walking” Pneumonia: How To Recognize This Sneaky Disease In TimeYoung woman has a chest pain. Heart attack and hard breathingphotomystery / Shutterstock.com

Hospitalization is sometimes required in the case of Legionella pneumophila, especially if an infected person is at risk:

  • is between the ages of 2 and 65 years old;
  • has a weakened immune system and is prone to relapse of chronic respiratory diseases;
  • is dependant on inhaled corticosteroids;
  • is a smoker.

“Walking” Pneumonia: How To Recognize This Sneaky Disease In Time

There is no vaccine for atypical pneumonia. The best means of prevention are adherence to basic rules of hygiene, the use of disposable wipes or tissues for coughing and sneezing, as well as individual dishes and cutlery. Atypical pneumonia is easily confused with less dangerous diseases, so if you suspect its presence, do not delay a visit to the doctor.

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This article is solely for informational purposes. Do not self-diagnose or self-medicate, and in all cases consult a certified healthcare professional before using any information presented in the article. The editorial board does not guarantee any results and does not bear any responsibility for any harm that may result from using the information provided in the article.