Silent Disease That Leads To Blindness. How To Recognize Glaucoma?
March 15, 2019 17:27 By Fabiosa
Glaucoma is a very common disease. In 2013, 64.3 million people were diagnosed with this condition, and it is estimated that by 2020 this number will reach 76 million.
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Glaucoma is the name for a large group of eye conditions in which the eye pressure periodically or constantly rises resulting in the development of visual field defects, a decrease in visual acuity, and the damage to the optic nerve. This tricky disease leads to irreversible loss of sight.
Glaucoma can be congenital and acquired (age-related). There are two more types of glaucoma – open-angle and closed-angle.
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You must always be attentive to your health, especially to your eyesight. This becomes particularly relevant over 40 years old. The fact is, you can only notice that you have glaucoma by losing a significant amount of vision if you don’t check your eye pressure regularly.
When should you be alarmed? First of all, note that glaucoma is a hereditary disease that is passed on through the maternal line. If someone in your family has suffered from chronic glaucoma, this is one more reason to get regular eye check-ups.
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Don’t miss the moment when open-angle glaucoma reduces the acuity of peripheral vision.
With closed-angle glaucoma, symptoms can appear suddenly and develop very quickly:
- eye redness;
- severe pain in the eye;
- blurred vision;
- halos around lights;
- dilated pupil;
- nausea, vomiting or dizziness.
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These symptoms require immediate medical attention. Neglecting these symptoms can lead to a loss of a significant amount of vision or blindness.
Regular ophthalmologist's appointments are a must for all family members as it will help identify abnormalities in time.
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After 40 years of age, check eye pressure annually. This procedure is painless and usually performed as part of a standard eye examination. Stay healthy!
This article is solely for informational purposes. Do not self-diagnose or self-medicate, and in all cases consult a certified healthcare professional before using any information presented in the article. The editorial board does not guarantee any results and does not bear any responsibility for any harm that may result from using the information provided in the article.