Just Dandruff Or Seborrhea? How To Distinguish Between Them And Treat The Latter

Date September 14, 2018 13:06

Seborrhea is probably one of the most common inflammatory skin conditions. It's characterized by scaly patches, redness of the skin, and severe dandruff. Seborrheic dermatitis can also affect other areas of the body, such as the face, nose, eyebrows, ears, and even eyelids.

Kateryna Kon /

Sometimes this condition is also called dandruff, seborrheic eczema, and seborrhoeic psoriasis. In infants, it causes scaly patches on the skin. But how can we tell it from usual dandruff when it only affects the scalp? If this is the case, you could be neglecting the symptoms, thinking a good shampoo is all you need. Here's how to differentiate between the two.

Seborrhea VS Dandruff

It's important to understand that dandruff is a sign of excessive skin scaling. It can happen without any major problem or be a sign of more serious diseases like seborrheic dermatitis or psoriasis.

Causes of seborrheic dermatitis

  • stress;
  • genes;
  • certain medical conditions and medicines;
  • cold, dry weather.

But it doesn’t result from allergies or a lack of hygiene.

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skin diseaseSmall Fish /

Newborns and people between the ages of 30 and 60 have a higher risk of contracting the disease. Most often it occurs in men, and people with oily skin in general. Here are some factors that can increase the risk:

  • acne;
  • immunodeficiency conditions;
  • alcohol addiction;
  • depression;
  • eating disorders;
  • epilepsy;
  • heart diseases;
  • Parkinson's disease;
  • psoriasis.

Symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis

skin diseaseajisai13 /

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  • skin flakes (dandruff) on the head, hair, eyebrows, and on beards or mustaches in men;
  • oily skin covered with scaly white or yellow crusts on the head, face, on the sides of the nose, on the eyebrows, ears, eyelids, underarms, in the groin or under the breasts;
  • redness of the skin;
  • itching.

What will help to relieve the condition at home

Ollyy /

  • special shampoo (every day);
  • antifungal creams;
  • hypoallergenic soap;
  • loose cotton clothes that don’t irritate the skin;
  • coconut oil;
  • apple vinegar;
  • tea tree oil;
  • biotin;
  • 1% hydrocortisone.

Khosro /

Seborrheic dermatitis is a chronic condition so it can periodically manifest itself. Sometimes seborrhea can revert for a long time but reappear later in life. There can be mild manifestations or heavy symptoms.

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Over time, you will get to know your skin and choose the best care products that minimize negative impact. Its important that you don't neglect possible symptoms of seborrhea because it could lead to serious illnesses or other complications. Consult a doctor if you detect warning signs so you can take preventative treatment.

Source: Healthline, Mayo Clinic, WebMD

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This article is solely for informational purposes. Do not self-diagnose or self-medicate, and in all cases consult a certified healthcare professional before using any information presented in the article. The editorial board does not guarantee any results and does not bear any responsibility for any harm that may result from using the information provided in the article.