Common Causes Of Bleeding When Not On A Period

Lifestyle & Health

Women experience their period approximately every 21 to 30 days. During this phase, women bleed for between 5 and 7 days in a row, losing a total of 2 to 8 tablespoons of blood. However, despite this, many women have experienced bleeding outside of their period cycle at least once. Yes, it does sound very alarming. This reddish liquid is always an alert to our health. Doctors mention that there are several, varying reasons for bleeding outside of one's period.

The name of this phenomenon is metrorrhagia, that is, abnormal bleeding outside of one's period cycle. It is estimated that at least 20% of the female population have experienced such an episode at least once. Specialists always recommend we first check: the source or origin of the blood — since it could be coming from other organs — the amount of blood, as well as the color and smell. These indicators are very important for determining, whenever necessary, the underlying problem.

Science classifies bleeding while outside of the period in three ways:

1. Premenstrual (during days before the cycle begins);

2. Intermenstrual (during the middle of the cycle);

3. Postmenstrual (during days following the cycle's end).

Some specialized literature classify these three moments as: spotting (bleeding before or after the cycle), disovulation (bleeding during the middle of the cycle) or menorrhagia (after end of cycle).

Let's get to know these approaches in order to identify the most common causes of intermenstrual bleeding:

1. After menarche or before and during menopause, many women experience long periods, intermittent bleeding and/or prolonged absence of menstruation. This is due to the fact that the body is adapting itself to the reproductive functions, or in the case of menopause, adapting to the diminishing reproductive functions, so that the body is working normally. That's why it can result in hormonal imbalances which cause abnormal bleeding.

2. Contraceptive pills: When starting to take the contraceptive pill, or when stopping, it can result in bleeding. This is due to the estrogen imbalance. The pill tends to contain low levels of this hormone, which helps to maintain the uterus lining in place. If we start taking the pill, the body's estrogen balance is lost and bleeding can occur.

3. Pregnancy: When women conceive, there is a period known as implantation, occurring between 10 and 14 days after fertilization. This causes an implantation hemorrhage. So, in this case, bleeding can act as an indicator of pregnancy.

4. Morning-after pill: These pills, often sought after by women, tend to cause bleeding outside of the menstrual cycle due to their content of progestin and estrogen.

5. Stress: Can generate hormonal imbalances which lead to irregular menstrual activity.

6. The use of intrauterine devices (IUDs).

READ ALSO: 8 Methods That Will Help To Control Hot Flashes During Menopause!

Now let's look at some unnatural causes:

1. Hormonal alterations (anovulation or menopause).

2. Hypophysis.

3. Thyroid conditions.

Natural causes (indicating the presence of diseases):

1. Ulcers or conditions affecting the reproductive system.

2. Uterine cysts or cancer.

3. Endometriosis or chronic inflammation.

4. Blood conditions.

If in any doubt, don't hesitate to seek medical advice. In that case, doctors can recommend several tests to identify the cause of the bleeding.

Some of these tests include:

  • pregnancy test;
  • blood exams to check thyroid and ovary function;
  • colposcopy and biopsy of the uterine wall;
  • pap smear;
  • ultrasound of the abdominal region;
  • hysteroscopy.

Remember that it's important for us to stay alert and not overlook any detail, especially when it comes to our health.

READ ALSO: How To Recognize A Blood Clot: 6 Tell-Tale Symptoms


This article is purely for informational purposes. Do not self-medicate, and in all cases consult a certified healthcare professional before using any information presented in the article. The editorial board does not guarantee any results and does not bear any responsibility for harm that may result from using the information stated in the article.