PSYCHOLOGY

Education System In Canada: High Standarts Available To Everyone

Date December 8, 2017 13:45

What's the best and most efficient education system? The truth is that there is no single fixed method. For many parents, education is one of the main concerns for their children's futures. This anxiety over education often leads to territorial displacement and migration. While many people migrate in search of better economic conditions, many also migrate in order to offer their children the best educational opportunities.

In the case of Canada, education is largely free and public. Since 1983, when article 23 of the Constitution was approved, it stipulated that 7% of the country's GDP would be designated to be spent on education.

The structure of the educational system is based on a regional order established by the 10 provinces. Each province's regional government is responsible for organizing and running their schools. It relies on skills transfer to administrate and design teaching from the central state level to reach the local townships.

This method of executing education has brought about important progress for the decentralized model, since local schools administer their own funding and, therefore, are free to make decisions regarding their curriculum. Each region, and each municipality within it, has the power to apply their own teaching policies.

Also, it's the school's right to employ teachers and decide who forms part of the local educaitonal system. Neither the government, nor the Department of Education can apply a centralized ruling to all centers. Added to this is the District Parental Advisory Council, and initiative which links school, family, and society.

However, like any other model, it has its weaknesses. The fact that it's decentralized means that each locality implements its own methods. This means that the quality - maintaining a high national standard - is unequal.

That's why some questions have been raised. For example, education levels. Within private education there are 3 levels across the whole country: elementary, high school, and tertiary learning. There is also a preliminary stage known as pre-school. And a fourth level has also been implemented: Technical Institutions. What varies is when each level begins and ends, and what content in dealt with at each level.

Another aspect which brings unity and equality to the system is the revision of curricula, taking into account the opinions of teachers and experts in different subject matters - which introduces varying levels of freedom for teachers; plus, all are governed by a rigorous teacher selection process. The final aspect is related to financial equality.

When the outlook is so varied (there are many different courses and methods), how do we know which school to send our kids to? The quality of Canadian schools is determined according to arbitrary, yet effective, criteria: the number of students which go on to attend top universities.

According to this evaluation criteria and qualifications, the best schools in Canada are:

  • Ontario, 2 million students;
  • Quebec, 1 million students;
  • British Columbia, 610,000 students;
  • Alberta, 530,000 students.

One of the aspects which characterizes Canadian education is their focus on innovation. Most of their local schools rely on introducing material which encourages anti-racist, anti-misogynistic, and anti-xenophobic points of view. They encourage the study of native cultures, awareness of native languages and the worldview of these communities. These focuses take a chance on recognizing cultural diversity which makes up the Canadian nation. Teaching is, therefore, seen as a tool to help promote practices of respect and coexistence.

In addition, Canadian education takes current migration problems very seriously. Being a country with a high emigration rate, their teaching project is geared toward stimulating integrative teaching practices. Schools don't establish distinctions nor concede privileges. Every student is treated equally.

It's an inclusive and self-administered system which other countries should consider in order to create more equal educational policies.

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