Is Tubal Ligation So Safe Indeed? The Expert Gives The Most Reasonable Opinion

Date July 13, 2018

Sterilization is a medical procedure that prevents reproduction in both men and women, although it is more common in female’s case. This procedure is recommended for women after menopausal age. Have you heard about sterilization in women? Let’s break it down.

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What is female sterilization?

Female sterilization is an irreversible technique to prevent possible pregnancy. This technique consists of cutting the fallopian tubes – a tubular muscle that ovaries with the uterus matrix.

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Women who do not want to conceive should consider sterilization as the best option because it is the safest existing procedure. However, it has a greater degree of complexity and costs. Clinically, there are two types of female sterilization: the surgical and non-surgical procedures.

Difference between surgical and non-surgical female sterilizations

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The surgical procedure is commonly called “tubal ligation.” The fallopian tubes are sectioned or sealed during the operation. Another invasive surgical procedure requiring minor doctor’s interference is called “laparotomy.” This procedure can also be done right after a natural labor or a cesarean section.

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The non-surgical technique uses fitted devices within the female reproductive system, inserted through the fallopian tubes to seal them. The devices are inserted through the natural opening, vagina, and sometimes may require a small incision.

How can sterilization prevent pregnancy?


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The sterilization seals the fallopian tubes in two parts. This prevents the egg from traveling effectively to the uterus. As there is nothing available to fertilize, the sperm will not have a destination point. If an ovule is not fertilized, it is impossible for an embryo to develop, for this reason, this process is qualified as the most effective of all contraception methods.

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Tubal ligation is highly effective after the procedure. In contrast, the non-surgical technique differs from it with the effectiveness time, as the results will not be seen immediately and may take more than three months to start working since there must be enough time for the scar to form. The results of both sterilization types are usually irreversible, in addition to having a small risk of failure.

What are the sterilization peculiarities in women?

In case of conventional tubal ligation, surgical intervention is necessary. The specialist will inflate the abdomen of the woman with gas and make a small incision to access the reproductive device with the instrument called laparoscope. Subsequently, the doctor will seal or section the fallopian tubes at both ends, right and left.

This procedure is considered the most effective medical way to prevent unwanted pregnancy and reportedly has 99% effectiveness, although there have been a few cases of fertility after tubal ligation.

Female non-surgical sterilization is also considered a good option; however, recent studies have concluded it is less effective than the conventional technique with the use of laparoscope, especially during the first year.

What benefits may female sterilization bring?

Female sterilization is considered the best option for women who crave a permanent and highly effective method of contraception. This technique is safe for almost all the females and has an extremely low failure rate compared to other medical procedures.

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Sterilization is effective without producing the unwelcome side effects that can be caused by other methods, such as birth control pills, implants, or even the intrauterine device (IUD). This medical procedure does not affect the hormonal system or decrease sexual desire. In addition, several studies suggest that female sterilization reduces the risk of ovarian cancer.

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Does female sterilization have disadvantages?

Since its result is permanent and irreversible, female sterilization is not a good option for women who hope to become pregnant in the future. Some tubal ligations can be reversed, but such procedures work rarely.

Tubal ligation is a procedure that is carried out more frequently nowadays, as the technique is constantly improved and the risks are reduced. Therefore, if you are on the way to change your sexual life, there is no need to be scared of sterilization.

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This article is solely for informational purposes. Do not self-diagnose or self-medicate, and in all cases consult a certified healthcare professional before using any information presented in the article. The editorial board does not guarantee any results and does not bear any responsibility for any harm that may result from using the information provided in the article.