Everything About Thrombosis: What Is It, How To Identify It, And How To Treat It

Date March 16, 2018

The word thrombosis comes from the Greek word meaning 'clotting'. The word is a reference to the formation of a blood clot inside a blood vessel. When somebody suffers thrombosis, it's because blood clots are preventing blood flow and can cause an embolism and/or death.

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There are 2 types of thrombosis:

  1. Arterial Thrombosis: Blood clots form in the cerebral and femoral arteries. It's considered the most dangerous because it blocks blood flow and oxygenation. The risks range from a cerebrovascular accident to death.
  2. Deep Vein Thrombosis: Blood clots form inside of the veins, usually in the legs or places where blood can collect and remain stagnant. There is the risk that the clot reaches the heart or lungs, causing a pulmonary embolism.

Thrombosis Symptoms:

  • leg pain;
  • burning sensation in the legs;
  • red or blue coloration in the affected region;
  • swelling;
  • varicose veins.

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How to prevent it.

The key to prevention, as with other illnesses, lies in daily habits such as a balanced, low-fat diet, physical activity, avoiding alcohol consumption, maintaining a healthy weight, responsible use of birth control pills, and keeping blood pressure and cholesterol levels under control.

How to treat it.

Treatment of arterial thrombosis is done via medication called thrombolytics, which break down blood clots. Another option is surgery to remove the blockage of the affected artery.

Treatment of deep vein thrombosis is carried out via blood thinners and other medications. Also, in some cases, filters may need to be implanted in the vein of the abdomen to prevent clots from reaching the lungs. The use of compression socks may also be needed to improve circulation.

Alternative therapies

Thrombosis is a serious disease which requires conventional treatment. However, there are alternative therapies which can also be used in conjunction with conventional treatment, such as acupuncture and Bach flower therapies.


Some foods can help improve blood circulation. While yet to be scientifically confirmed, the consumption of lemon juice and ginger, raw garlic, and cayenne pepper is suggested.

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This article is solely for informational purposes. Do not self-diagnose or self-medicate, and in all cases consult a certified healthcare professional before using any information presented in the article. The editorial board does not guarantee any results and does not bear any responsibility for harm that may result from using the information provided in the article.