How to prevent it.
The key to prevention, as with other illnesses, lies in daily habits such as a balanced, low-fat diet, physical activity, avoiding alcohol consumption, maintaining a healthy weight, responsible use of birth control pills, and keeping blood pressure and cholesterol levels under control.
How to treat it.
Treatment of arterial thrombosis is done via medication called thrombolytics, which break down blood clots. Another option is surgery to remove the blockage of the affected artery.
Treatment of deep vein thrombosis is carried out via blood thinners and other medications. Also, in some cases, filters may need to be implanted in the vein of the abdomen to prevent clots from reaching the lungs. The use of compression socks may also be needed to improve circulation.