LIFESTYLE & COMMUNITY

11 Warning Signs Of Hepatitis C And How To Prevent It

Date March 23, 2018 15:15

What is hepatitis C?

Hepatitis C is a viral infection that usually results in liver inflammation and damage. It is important to know that the hepatitis C virus spreads through contaminated blood.  About 3.9 million people in the United States have hepatitis C, but most of them don’t know about it, as this disease causes few symptoms. Unfortunately, this dangerous infection often leads to severe complications.

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Warning symptoms of hepatitis C

Many people with hepatitis C don’t notice that something is wrong with their health. However, the warning symptoms of hepatitis C usually include the following:

  • bleeding and bruising easily;
  • poor appetite;
  • fatigue;
  • jaundice (yellow discoloration of the eyes and skin);
  • dark urine;
  • stomach pain;
  • itchy skin;
  • weight loss;
  • swelling in the legs;
  • ascites: fluid buildup in the abdomen;
  • confusion and drowsiness.

How you can get hepatitis C.

This virus spreads through body fluids or the blood of an infected person. You can get hepatitis C from:

  • sharing drugs and needles;
  • having unprotected sex;
  • being stuck by infected needles;
  • a mother can pass it to a baby at birth.

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Possible complications

Hepatitis C infection can result in severe complications, such as:

1. Cirrhosis

After many years of hepatitis C infection, cirrhosis may develop. In other words, your liver can start scarring, and it can make difficult for your liver to function.

2. Liver cancer

Some people with hepatitis C infection may develop liver cancer.

3. Liver failure

Your liver may stop working due to advanced cirrhosis.

How to prevent hepatitis C infection.

You can protect yourself from this dangerous infection, following these simple steps:

  1.  Don’t use drugs, especially through injections. If you know someone who has this problem, seek help.
  2. Practice safer sex. Unprotected sex with any person whose health status is uncertain can be harmful to your health, so avoid it.
  3. Don’t share items like razors.
  4.  Be careful when you are going to get a tattoo, piercing or even manicure. Ask questions how the equipment is cleaned. Make sure the needles and other things are sterile.

Nearly 60% of people with untreated hepatitis C infection develop liver disease, and some lifestyle choices can even worsen the situation. People with hepatitis C should avoid alcohol and should be checked for other forms of hepatitis.

Source: MayoClinic, WebMD, Medicine Net

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This article is solely for informational purposes. Do not self-diagnose or self-medicate, and in all cases consult a certified healthcare professional before using any information presented in the article. The editorial board does not guarantee any results and does not bear any responsibility for harm that may result from using the information provided in the article.

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