Gum Disease: What It Is And How To Get Rid Of This Condition

Date February 27, 2018

What is gum disease?

Gum disease or gingivitis happens when your gums become inflamed typically as a result of a bacterial infection. If this condition is left untreated, it can lead to even more serious health problems including periodontitis. According to the doctors, gingivitis and periodontitis are main causes of tooth loss. Moreover, dental infections can result in financial issues too as dental services are expensive.

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Why does gum disease develop?

Plaque is the major cause of gum disease, but there are other things that can contribute to this health problem. The major risk factors for gingivitis include the following:

  • smoking;
  • certain medications (oral contraceptives, anticonvulsants, steroids, chemotherapy);
  • diabetes;
  • broken fillings;
  • crooked teeth;
  • pregnancy;
  • dental appliances that fit poorly;
  • heredity.

Symptoms of gingivitis

Most people with gum disease aren’t aware that they have this condition. It is possible to have gingivitis without any clear signs. However, the main symptoms include the following:

  • gums that bleed when you brush your teeth;
  • swollen and red gums;
  • bad breath that doesn’t go away;
  • bad taste in the mouth;
  • loose or shifting teeth;
  • receding gums;
  • pain while chewing;
  • deep pockets between teeth and gums.

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If you notice any of these symptoms, visit your dentist as soon as possible. Your dentist will check your gums and if gingivitis is present, she or he will say what to do next. You should practice proper oral hygiene to treat gum disease. You also should control your diabetes and avoid smoking. Possible treatments for gingivitis include deep cleaning the teeth, antibiotics, and surgery in severe cases.

How to prevent gingivitis.

In most cases, gum disease can be prevented. It is essential to practice consistent oral hygiene and maintain a healthy diet. Visit your dentist regularly to be sure that everything is okay. Brush your teeth twice a day as brushing eliminates plaque from the teeth. Floss your teeth to remove plaque and food particles from in between the teeth. According to the American Dental Association, antibacterial mouth rinses can fight bacteria that cause plaque and gingivitis.

The American Academy of Periodontology claims that up to 30% of people in the United States may be genetically prone to this disease. If anyone in your family had or have gum disease, your risk of getting it higher.

Source: MayoClinic, HealthLine, MedicalNewsToday

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This article is purely for informational purposes. Do not self-medicate, and in all cases consult a certified healthcare professional before using any information presented in the article. The editorial board does not guarantee any results and does not bear any responsibility for harm that may result from using the information stated in the article.