Warning Signs Of Bone Marrow Cancer To Pay Attention To

Date July 19, 2018

What is bone marrow cancer?

Bone marrow is a specific tissue inside some of your bones, including the thighbones and hips. Bone marrow produces stem cells that are responsible for many important things in the body. Stem cells develop into various types of blood cells: red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Marrow’s job is essential for healthy living. For example, nearly 1% of the body's red blood cells are regenerated every day!

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Sometimes, bone marrow stops working how it is supposed to be, and the cells start to grow abnormally. This condition is known as bone marrow cancer. There are certain risk factors that can affect the appearance of this disease:

Types of bone marrow cancer

There are different forms of bone marrow cancer, depending on what cells are affected. They are the following:

1. Multiple myeloma

This type of bone marrow cancer is the most common. It occurs in plasma cells that are responsible for immune reactions. In multiple myeloma, cancerous cells replace healthy ones, making the body unable to fight infections.

2. Lymphomas

Lymphomas typically start in lymph nodes, but sometimes, they can begin from the bone marrow.

3. Leukemia

Leukemia affects white blood cells. In leukemia, the immune system can’t combat infections, and body can’t prevent bleeding. Leukemia can be acute or chronic. There are various types of the disease, so each of them needs different treatments.

When cancer is found in bones, it also can be metastatic bone cancer too. It means that cancer has started in other areas of the body and then spread to the bones. It is important to distinguish between primary and metastatic bone cancers.

Common symptoms of bone marrow cancer

Pain is the most common symptom of bone marrow cancer. But signs usually depend on the type of cancer and where it is located.

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Signs of multiple myeloma may include:

  • bone pain;
  • bone fractures;
  • fatigue;
  • infections;
  • changes in urination;
  • nausea and vomiting;
  • weight loss.

Signs of leukemia may include:

  • weakness;
  • fatigue;
  • fever;
  • bone pain;
  • weight loss;
  • night sweats;
  • frequent infections;
  • enlarged lymph nodes;
  • bruising;
  • body aches.

Symptoms of lymphomas can be similar, but may also include:

  • itchy skin;
  • fever;
  • abdominal pain;
  • persistent cough;
  • loss of appetite.

If you or your loved ones experience any of these symptoms, it is necessary to visit a doctor for an evaluation.

The outlook for bone marrow cancer may vary widely from person to person. Early diagnosis increases the chances of remission. Many people with bone marrow cancer respond well to therapy and remain cancer free for many years.

Source: MedicineNet, WebMD, MedicalNewsToday

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This article is solely for informational purposes. Do not self-diagnose or self-medicate, and in all cases consult a certified healthcare professional before using any information presented in the article. The editorial board does not guarantee any results and does not bear any responsibility for any harm that may result from using the information provided in the article.