Colon Cancer: Symptoms, Who Is At Risk, And How One May Prevent This Condition
Colorectal cancer (also called ‘colon cancer’) is a type of cancer that develops in the large intestine (its last parts, colon and rectum). Statistics from the American Cancer Society shows that approximately 5% of people experience colorectal cancer during their lifetime. Regular screenings can help detect the disease early and start treatment in a timely manner. Moreover, making healthier lifestyle choices can help reduce your risk of cancer even if you have risk factors that you can’t control. Unfortunately, there is statistic that shows which types of cancers take the most lives. Learn more about it from the video below and take care of yourself regularly:
The trouble with colon cancer is, like with other types of cancer, that it often shows no symptoms at an early stage. But if it does, they are usually the following (also applies to more advanced stages):
- constant constipation or diarrhea;
- blood in the stool;
- rectal bleeding;
- pain and/or cramps in the abdomen;
- excessive gas;
- a feeling of fullness in your intestines;
- weakness and fatigue;
- unexplained weight loss.
The exact causes of colon cancer are unclear. What researchers know so far is that colorectal cancer develops when healthy cells become abnormal. These cells divide when new cells aren’t needed, and they don’t die when they are supposed to. This leads to tumor formation.
Many factors can increase your risk of the disease. Some of them can’t be controlled, but other factors can be successfully managed to lower your risk of colon cancer. Risk factors include:
- age – most people are diagnosed after the age of 50;
- ethnicity – for some reason, African Americans and Eastern European Jews are at a higher risk;
- family history of colon cancer;
- certain inherited gene mutations;
- having had colon cancer or polyps before;
- inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
- unhealthy diet which is low in fiber and high in fat, especially if this fat comes from processed meats and red meat;
- lack of physical activity;
- being overweight or obese;
- excessive consumption of alcohol;
- radiotherapy for other cancers in the abdomen.
You can take steps to prevent colorectal cancer. They include the following:
- discuss with your doctor how often you need to get tests and which one should be used;
- eat a healthy, diverse diet – make sure to include more fruits, vegetables, and whole grains in it;
- limit your consumption of alcohol or stop drinking it altogether;
- quit smoking; if you smoke and find it hard to quit, talk to your doctor about methods that will help you stop this habit;
- try to get enough exercise and do it regularly;
- control your weight;
- if you are at an increased risk, ask your doctor about medications that may help lower your risk.
This post is solely for informational purposes. It is not intended to provide medical advice. Fabiosa doesn’t take responsibility for any possible consequences from any treatment, procedure, exercise, dietary modification, action or application of medication which results from reading or following the information contained in this post. Before undertaking any course of treatment, the reader should consult with their physician or other health care provider.