6 Possible Causes Of Dry Throat: From Common Cold To Acid Reflux

Date February 27, 2018 14:33

Your throat can feel dry for a variety of reasons. If you have dry throat but not any other symptoms, it may be because the air in your environment is too dry and it irritates the mucous membrane of your throat. Most commonly, though, dry throat is caused by upper respiratory tract infections, such as the common cold, and you start to feel better once the infection is gone. Some factors, such as smoking and environmental air pollutants, can aggravate dry throat. It can be relieved with home remedies, including gargling with salt water and drinking warm liquids. If your throat continues to feel dry, and over-the-counter medicines and home remedies don’t help, you should see a doctor to find out what’s causing your dry throat.

READ ALSO: 10 Differences Between A Common Cold And Allergies

Why is your throat dry?

Possible causes of dry throat include the following:

1. Common cold

Very often, dry throat is caused by the common cold. Colds are caused by a group of viruses called rhinoviruses. If you’re generally healthy, having a cold shouldn’t be a cause for concern, but if you have a condition that can make the infection worse, you may need to consult your doctor about the treatment of cold.

2. Flu

Flu symptoms are usually similar to those of the common cold and may include dry throat, stuffy or runny nose, coughing, headache, fatigue, and fever (sometimes with chills). Flu is more likely to lead to complications, especially in the very young and very old, and people whose immune system is weakened. Antiviral medicines can help reduce the duration and severity of your symptoms.

3. Dehydration

Not drinking enough fluids throughout the day can cause your throat to feel dry. Other symptoms of dehydration include increased thirst, dry mouth, passing dark-yellow urine, and feeling tired. The best way to stay hydrated is to drink enough plain water daily, as other drinks, such as tea and coffee, can lead to loss of fluid.

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4. Seasonal allergies

If you have an allergy, coming into contact with an allergen can cause symptoms that include stuffy or runny nose, sneezing, coughing, dry throat, watery and itchy eyes, and itchy skin. If it’s difficult to avoid the substance you’re allergic to, you can find relief for your symptoms using antihistamines and decongestants.

5. Acid reflux

If the valve that is supposed to keep the contents of your stomach from spilling into your esophagus doesn’t work as it should, you experience acid reflux. Apart from dry throat, other symptoms of acid reflux include pain or burning in the chest, difficulty swallowing, dry cough, bad breath, and a bitter taste in the mouth. If you have gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), it’s best to avoid foods that aggravate the condition. These include fatty and spicy foods, alcohol, coffee, chocolate, and mint.

6. Streptococcal infection

Streptococcal infections can cause your throat to feel sore, and it can also feel dry. Apart from sore and dry throat, those who have a streptococcal infection may also get symptoms that include fever, skin rash, swollen lymph nodes, body aches, nausea, vomiting, and red and swollen tonsils with white plaques.

In most cases, you can relieve dry throat with over-the-counter medicines and home remedies. But if this and other symptoms don’t go away after a few days, you should see your doctor.

Source: HealthLine, LiveStrong, EPainAssist

READ ALSO: 6 Possible Causes Of Excess Mucus In The Lungs: From Common Cold To Cystic Fibrosis

This article is purely for informational purposes. Do not self-medicate, and in all cases consult a certified healthcare professional before using any information presented in the article. The editorial board does not guarantee any results and does not bear any responsibility for harm that may result from using the information stated in the article.