During her work on the maiden voyage of Discovery, Judith became the second American female astronaut in space. She was also the first Jewish-American woman in space. Being a graduate of Carnegie Mellon University and having a Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from the University of Maryland made her the perfect choice to be a mission specials aboard the Challenger.
Francis Richard "Dick" Scobee
Vietnam War veteran and a seasoned combat pilot, he got the Distinguished Flying Cross for his service. After finishing USAF Aerospace Research Pilot School, he was a test pilot for the Air Force. Dick was an experienced pilot as he had previously piloted the Challenger mission in 1984. He was the commander of the space shuttle.
Ronald Erwin McNair
The youngest astronaut aboard the Challenger was the brilliant physicist Ronald McNair. Aged 35, Ronald was already an accomplished scientist in the field of laser physics with four honorary doctorates and numerous fellowships. Working as a mission specialist on the shuttle, he was the second African-American ever in space.